Recovery of fitness of a live attenuated simian immunodeficiency virus through compensation in both the coding and non-coding regions of the viral genome
Wainberg, Mark A
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CitationWhitney, James B., and Mark A. Wainberg. 2007. Recovery of fitness of a live attenuated simian immunodeficiency virus through compensation in both the coding and non-coding regions of the viral genome. Retrovirology 4: 44.
AbstractWe have analyzed a SIV deletion mutant that was compromised both in viral replication and RNA packaging. Serial passage of this variant in two different T-cell lines resulted in compensatory reversion and the generation of independent groups of point mutations within each cell line. Within each group, single point mutations were shown to contribute to increased viral infectivity and the rescue of wild-type replication kinetics. The complete recovery of viral fitness ultimately correlated with the restoration of viral RNA packaging. Consistent with the latter finding was the rescue of Pr[super]55 Gag processing, also restoring proper virus core morphology in mature virions. These seemingly independently arising groups of compensatory mutations were functionally interchangeable in regard to the recovery of wild type replication in rhesus PBMCs. These findings indicate that viral reversion that overcomes a genetic bottleneck is not limited to a single pathway, and illustrates the remarkable adaptability of lentiviruses.
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