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dc.contributor.authorKarpati, Adam M.
dc.contributor.authorPerrin, Mary C.
dc.contributor.authorMatte, Tom
dc.contributor.authorLeighton, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorSchwartz, Joel David
dc.contributor.authorBarr, R. Graham
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-11T03:22:10Z
dc.date.issued2004
dc.identifier.citationKarpati, Adam M., Mary C. Perrin, Tom Matte, Jessica Leighton, Joel Schwartz, and R. Graham Barr. 2004. Pesticide spraying for West Nile virus control and emergency department asthma visits in New York City, 2000. Environmental Health Perspectives 112(11): 1183-1187.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0091-6765en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4887127
dc.description.abstractPyrethroid pesticides were applied via ground spraying to residential neighborhoods in New York City during July–September 2000 to control mosquito vectors of West Nile virus (WNV). Case reports link pyrethroid exposure to asthma exacerbations, but population-level effects on asthma from large-scale mosquito control programs have not been assessed. We conducted this analysis to determine whether widespread urban pyrethroid pesticide use was associated with increased rates of emergency department (ED) visits for asthma. We recorded the dates and locations of pyrethroid spraying during the 2000 WNV season in New York City and tabulated all ED visits for asthma to public hospitals from October 1999 through November 2000 by date and ZIP code of patients’ residences. The association between pesticide application and asthma-related emergency visits was evaluated across date and ZIP code, adjusting for season, day of week, and daily temperature, precipitation, particulate, and ozone levels. There were 62,827 ED visits for asthma during the 14-month study period, across 162 ZIP codes. The number of asthma visits was similar in the 3-day periods before and after spraying (510 vs. 501, p = 0.78). In multivariate analyses, daily rates of asthma visits were not associated with pesticide spraying (rate ratio = 0.92; 95% confidence interval, 0.80–1.07). Secondary analyses among children and for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease yielded similar null results. This analysis shows that spraying pyrethroids for WNV control in New York City was not followed by population-level increases in public hospital ED visit rates for asthma.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherNational Institue of Environmental Health Sciencesen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1289/ehp.6946en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1247479/pdf/en_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.subjectasthmaen_US
dc.subjectobstructive airway diseaseen_US
dc.subjectozoneen_US
dc.subjectparticulatesen_US
dc.subjectpesticidesen_US
dc.subjectpollutantsen_US
dc.subjectpyrethroidsen_US
dc.subjectWest Nile virusen_US
dc.titlePesticide spraying for West Nile virus control and emergency department asthma visits in New York City, 2000en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden_US
dc.relation.journalEnvironmental Health Perspectivesen_US
dash.depositing.authorSchwartz, Joel David
dc.date.available2011-05-11T03:22:10Z
dash.affiliation.otherHMS^Medicine-Brigham and Women's Hospitalen_US
dash.affiliation.otherSPH^Exposure Epidemiology and Risk Programen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1289/ehp.6946*
dash.contributor.affiliatedSchwartz, Joel


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