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dc.contributor.authorBoggio, Paulo S.
dc.contributor.authorFregni, Felipe
dc.contributor.authorValasek, Claudia
dc.contributor.authorEllwood, Sophie
dc.contributor.authorChi, Richard Po-Hung
dc.contributor.authorGallate, Jason
dc.contributor.authorPascual-Leone, Alvaro
dc.contributor.authorSnyder, Allan
dc.date.accessioned2011-06-13T14:20:49Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.citationBoggio, Paulo S., Felipe Fregni, Claudia Valasek, Sophie Ellwood, Richard Chi, Jason Gallate, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, and Allan Snyder. 2009. Temporal Lobe Cortical Electrical Stimulation during the Encoding and Retrieval Phase Reduces False Memories. PLoS ONE 4(3): e4959.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4910909
dc.description.abstractA recent study found that false memories were reduced by 36% when low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) was applied to the left anterior temporal lobe after the encoding (study) phase. Here we were interested in the consequences on a false memory task of brain stimulation throughout the encoding and retrieval task phases. We used transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) because it has been shown to be a useful tool to enhance cognition. Specifically, we examined whether tDCS can induce changes in a task assessing false memories. Based on our preliminary results, three conditions of stimulation were chosen: anodal left/cathodal right anterior temporal lobe (ATL) stimulation (“bilateral stimulation”); anodal left ATL stimulation (with a large contralateral cathodal electrode – referred as “unilateral stimulation”) and sham stimulation. Our results showed that false memories were reduced significantly after the two active conditions (unilateral and bilateral stimulation) as compared with sham stimulation. There were no significant changes in veridical memories. Our findings show that false memories are reduced by 73% when anodal tDCS is applied to the anterior temporal lobes throughout the encoding and retrieval stages, suggesting a possible strategy for improving certain aspects of learning.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004959en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2655647/pdf/en_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.subjectneuroscienceen_US
dc.subjectbehavioral neuroscienceen_US
dc.subjectcognitive neuroscienceen_US
dc.subjectneurodevelopmenten_US
dc.subjectmental healthen_US
dc.subjectdementiaen_US
dc.subjectdevelopmental and pediatric neurologyen_US
dc.titleTemporal Lobe Cortical Electrical Stimulation during the Encoding and Retrieval Phase Reduces False Memoriesen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden_US
dc.relation.journalPLoS ONEen_US
dash.depositing.authorFregni, Felipe
dc.date.available2011-06-13T14:20:49Z
dash.affiliation.otherHMS^Neurology- Beth Israel-Deaconessen_US
dash.affiliation.otherHMS^Neurology- Beth Israel-Deaconessen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0004959*
dash.contributor.affiliatedChi, Richard Po-Hung
dash.contributor.affiliatedFregni, Felipe
dash.contributor.affiliatedPascual-Leone, Alvaro


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