Now showing items 31-40 of 166
Cooperativity, Fluctuations and Inhomogeneities in Soft Matter
This thesis presents four investigations into mechanical aspects of soft thin structures, focusing on the effects of stochastic and thermal fluctuations and of material inhomogeneities. First, we study the self-organization ...
Plasmonic Cavities for Enhanced Spotaneous Emission
The modification of spontaneous emission, i.e. the Purcell effect, with optical cavities has been highly studied over the past 20 years as one of the most important goals for cavity quantum electrodynamics (cQED). The ...
Magnetic trapping of molecules via optical loading and magnetic slowing
This thesis demonstrates a new cooling and trap loading technique for molecules, leading to trapping of calcium monofluoride (CaF).
A Uniform Min-Max Theorem and Characterizations of Computational Randomness
This thesis develops several tools and techniques using ideas from information theory, optimization, and online learning, and applies them to a number of highly related fundamental problems in complexity theory, pseudorandomness ...
Peak Sidelobe Level Distribution Computation for Ad Hoc Arrays using Extreme Value Theory
Extreme Value Theory (EVT) is used to analyze the peak sidelobe level distribution for array element positions with arbitrary probability distributions. Computations are discussed in the context of linear antenna arrays ...
Chemical Vapor Deposition of Cobalt-based Thin Films for Microelectronics
In microelectronics, the device size continues to shrink to improve the performance and functionality, which sets technical challenges for the integrated circuit (IC) fabrication. Novel materials and processing techniques ...
Global budget of black carbon aerosol and implications for climate forcing
This thesis explores the factors controlling the distribution of black carbon (BC) in the atmosphere/troposphere and its implications for climate forcing. BC is of great climate interest because of its warming potential. ...
Nitric Oxide and Postconditioning: Cardioprotective Methods for Acute Care of Ischemia Reperfusion Injury
Timely coronary artery reperfusion is essential to prevent myocyte death following myocardial infarction. The act of restoring blood flow however, paradoxically reduces the beneficial effects of reperfusion. This phenomenon, ...
Dissecting Motor Adaptation in Visually Guided Reaching Movements
Movement is essential to human life because it provides us with the freedom of mobility and the power to affect our surroundings. Moreover, movements are vital to communication: from hand and finger movements when writing, ...
Periodic Pulsed Controllability with Applications to NMR
In this thesis we study a class of problems that require simultaneously controlling a large number of dynamical systems, with varying system dynamics, using the same control signal. We call such problems ensemble control ...