Regulation of microtubule-based microtubule nucleation by mammalian polo-like kinase 1
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CitationErikson, Raymond L. Forthcoming. Regulation of microtubule-based microtubule nucleation by mammalian polo-like kinase 1. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(25).
AbstractBipolar spindle formation is pivotal for accurate segregation of mitotic chromosomes during cell division. A growing body of evidence suggests that, in addition to centrosome- and chromatin-based microtubule (MT) nucleation, MT-based MT nucleation plays an important role for proper bipolar spindle formation in various eukaryotic organisms. Although a recently discovered Augmin complex appears to play a central role for this event, how Augmin is regulated remains unknown. Here we provide evidence that a mammalian polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) localizes to mitotic spindles and promotes MT-based MT nucleation by directly regulating Augmin. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that Cdc2-dependent phosphorylation on a γ-TuRC recruitment protein, Nedd1/GCP-WD, at the previously uncharacterized S460 residue induces the Nedd1-Plk1 interaction. This step appeared to be critical to allow Plk1 to phosphorylate the Hice1 subunit of the Augmin complex to promote the Augmin-MT interaction and MT-based MT nucleation from within the spindle. Loss of either the Nedd1 S460 function or the Plk1-dependent Hice1 phosphorylation impaired both the Augmin-MT interaction and γ- tubulin recruitment to the spindles, thus resulting in improper bipolar spindle formation that ultimately leads to mitotic arrest and apoptotic cell death. Thus, via the formation of the Nedd1-Plk1 complex and subsequent Augmin phosphorylation, Plk1 regulates spindle MT-based MT nucleation to accomplish normal bipolar spindle formation and mitotic progression.
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