Moderate- to Low-Risk Variant Alleles of Cutaneous Malignancies and Nevi: Lessons from Genome-Wide Association Studies
MetadataShow full item record
CitationUdayakumar, Durga, and Hensin Tsao. 2009. Moderate- to low-risk variant alleles of cutaneous malignancies and nevi: lessons from genome-wide association studies. Genome Medicine 1, no. 10: 95.
AbstractCutaneous malignancies, especially malignant melanoma, exhibit great genetic heterogeneity. As a result, some individuals and families have particularly increased risk due to genetic predisposition to the disease. The susceptibility alleles range from rarely occurring, heritable, high-risk variants to ubiquitously occurring low-risk variants. Although until now the focus has been mostly towards the familial high-risk genes, the development of genome-wide association studies has uncovered a number of moderate- to low-risk predisposition alleles. The ability to specifically identify genetic variation associated with visible pigmentation traits and disease risk has provided a much richer view of the genetics of cutaneous malignancies. In this review, we provide an update on the recently identified risk loci. Existing clinical data, combined with vast genome information, will provide a better understanding of the biology of disease, and increased accuracy in risk prediction.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:5355109
- HMS Scholarly Articles