Ethnic Differences in Body Composition and Obesity Related Risk Factors: Study in Chinese and White Males Living in China
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CitationWang, Dong, Yanping Li, Simin Gharib Lee, Lei Wang, Jinhui Fan, Gong Zhang, Jiang Wu, Yong Ji, and Songlin Li. 2011. Ethnic differences in body composition and obesity related risk factors: study in chinese and white males living in China. PLoS ONE 6 (5): e19835.
AbstractThe purpose of this cross-sectional observational study was to identify ethnic differences in body composition and obesity-related risk factors between Chinese and white males living in China. 115 Chinese and 114 white male pilots aged 28-63 years were recruited. Fasting body weight, height and blood pressure were measured following standard procedures. Whole-body and segmental body composition were measured using an 8-contact electrode bioimpedance analysis (BIA) system. Fasting serum glucose, fasting plasma total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides (TG) were assessed using automatic biochemistry analyzer. After adjusting for age and body mass index (BMI), Chinese males had significantly higher percentage of body fat (PBF) both with respect to whole body (Chinese: 23.7%\(\pm\)0.2% vs. Whites: 22.4%\(\pm\)0.2%) and the trunk area (Chinese: 25.0%\(\pm\)0.3% vs. Whites: 23.2%\(\pm\)0.3%) compared to their white counterparts. At all BMIs, Chinese males had significantly higher fasting glucose levels (Chinese: 5.7\(\pm\)1.0 mmol/L vs. Whites: 5.2\(\pm\)1.0 mmol/L) but lower high-density lipoprotein levels (Chinese: 0.8\(\pm\)1.0 mmol/L vs. Whites: 1.0\(\pm\)1.0 mmol/L) than white males. In addition, a marginally significantly higher diastolic blood pressure was found among Chinese men than that among white men (Chinese: 80\(\pm\)1.0 mmHg vs. Whites: 77\(\pm\)1.0 mmHg). Chinese males had more body fat and a greater degree of central fat deposition pattern than that seen in white males in the present study. Furthermore, data on blood pressure, fasting glucose and blood lipids suggest that Chinese men may be more prone to obesity-related risk factors than white men.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:5916336
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