TGF-β Suppresses β-Catenin-Dependent Tolerogenic Activation Program in Dendritic Cells

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TGF-β Suppresses β-Catenin-Dependent Tolerogenic Activation Program in Dendritic Cells

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Title: TGF-β Suppresses β-Catenin-Dependent Tolerogenic Activation Program in Dendritic Cells
Author: Vander Lugt, Bryan; Beck, Zachary T.; Boes, Marianne; Fuhlbrigge, Robert Conrad; Hacohen, Nir; Campbell, James J.

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Citation: Vander Lugt, Bryan, Zachary T. Beck, Robert C. Fuhlbrigge, Nir Hacohen, James J. Campbell, and Marianne Boes. 2011. TGF-β suppresses β-catenin-dependent tolerogenic activation program in dendritic cells. PLoS ONE 6(5): e20099.
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Abstract: The mechanisms that underlie the critical dendritic cell (DC) function in maintainance of peripheral immune tolerance are incompletely understood, although the β-catenin signaling pathway is critical for this role. The molecular details by which β-catenin signaling is regulated in DCs are unknown. Mechanical disruption of murine bone marrow-derived DC (BMDC) clusters activates DCs while maintaining their tolerogenic potential and this activation is associated with β-catenin signaling, providing a useful model with which to explore tolerance-associated β-catenin signaling in DCs. In this report, we demonstrate novel molecular features of the signaling events that control DC activation in response to mechanical stimulation. Non-canonical β-catenin signaling is an essential component of this tolerogenic activation and is modulated by adhesion molecules, including integrins. This unique β-catenin-dependent signaling pathway is constitutively active at low levels, suggesting that mechanical stimulation is not necessarily required for induction of this unique activation program. We additionally find that the immunomodulatory cytokine TGF-β antagonizes β-catenin in DCs, thereby selectively suppressing signaling associated with tolerogenic DC activation while having no impact on LPS-induced, β-catenin-independent immunogenic activation. These findings provide new molecular insight into the regulation of a critical signaling pathway for DC function in peripheral immune tolerance.
Published Version: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020099
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