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dc.contributor.authorFagenholz, Peter Jackson
dc.contributor.authorFernández-del Castillo, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorHarris, N. Stuart
dc.contributor.authorPelletier, Andrea J
dc.contributor.authorCamargo, Carlos Arturo
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-03T03:50:45Z
dc.date.issued2007
dc.identifier.citationFagenholz, Peter J, Carlos Fernández-del Castillo, N Stuart Harris, Andrea J Pelletier, and Carlos A Camargo. 2007. National study of United States emergency department visits for acute pancreatitis, 1993-2003. BMC Emergency Medicine 7: 1.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1471-227Xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:5978747
dc.description.abstractBackground: The epidemiology of acute pancreatitis in the United States is largely unknown, particularly episodes that lead to an emergency department (ED) visit. We sought to address this gap and describe ED practice patterns. Methods: Data were collected from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey between 1993 and 2003. We examined demographic factors and ED management including medication administration, diagnostic imaging, and disposition. Results: ED visits for acute pancreatitis increased over the study period from the 1994 low of 128,000 visits to a 2003 peak of 318,000 visits (p = 0.01). The corresponding ED visit rate per 10,000 U.S. population also increased from 4.9 visits (95%CI, 3.1–6.7) to 10.9 (95%CI, 7.6–14.3) (p = 0.01). The average age for patients making ED visits for acute pancreatitis during the study period was 49.7 years, 54% were male, and 27% were black. The ED visit rate was higher among blacks (14.7; 95%CI, 11.9–17.5) than whites (5.8; 95%CI, 5.0–6.6). At 42% of ED visits, patients did not receive analgesics. At 10% of ED visits patients underwent CT or MRI imaging, and at 13% of visits they underwent ultrasound testing. Two-thirds of ED visits resulted in hospitalization. Risk factors for hospitalization were older age (multivariate odds ratio for each increasing decade 1.5; 95%CI, 1.3–1.8) and white race (multivariate odds ratio 2.3; 95%CI, 1.2–4.6). Conclusion: ED visits for acute pancreatitis are rising in the U.S., and ED visit rates are higher among blacks than whites. At many visits analgesics are not administered, and diagnostic imaging is rare. There was greater likelihood of admission among whites than blacks. The observed race disparities in ED visit and admission rates merit further study.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi://10.1186/1471-227X-7-1en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1783668/pdf/en_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.titleNational Study of United States Emergency Department Visits for Acute Pancreatitis, 1993–2003en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden_US
dc.relation.journalBMC Emergency Medicineen_US
dash.depositing.authorFagenholz, Peter Jackson
dc.date.available2012-01-03T03:50:45Z
dash.affiliation.otherHMS^Anaesthesia-Massachusetts General Hospitalen_US
dash.affiliation.otherSPH^Epidemiologyen_US
dash.affiliation.otherHMS^Medicine-Massachusetts General Hospitalen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-227X-7-1*
dash.contributor.affiliatedFagenholz, Peter
dash.contributor.affiliatedHarris, N.
dash.contributor.affiliatedCamargo, Carlos


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