Does Diet Affect Breast Cancer Risk?
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CitationHolmes, Michelle D, and Walter C Willett. 2004. Does diet affect breast cancer risk? Breast Cancer Research 6(4): 170-178.
AbstractThe role of specific dietary factors in breast cancer causation is not completely resolved. Results from prospective studies do not support the concept that fat intake in middle life has a major relation to breast cancer risk. However, weight gain in middle life contributes substantially to breast cancer risk. Alcohol is the best established dietary risk factor, probably by increasing endogenous estrogen levels. Hypotheses relating diet during youth to risk decades later will be difficult to test. Nevertheless, available evidence is strong that breast cancer risk can be reduced by avoiding weight gain during adult years, and by limiting alcohol consumption.
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