Using the Oaxaca-Blinder Decomposition Technique to Analyze Learning Outcomes Changes over Time: An Application to Indonesia’s Results in PISA Mathematics

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Using the Oaxaca-Blinder Decomposition Technique to Analyze Learning Outcomes Changes over Time: An Application to Indonesia’s Results in PISA Mathematics

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Title: Using the Oaxaca-Blinder Decomposition Technique to Analyze Learning Outcomes Changes over Time: An Application to Indonesia’s Results in PISA Mathematics
Author: Barrera-Osorio, Felipe; Garcia-Moreno, Vincente; Patrinos, Harry Anthony; Porta, Emilio

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Citation: Barrera-Osorio, Felipe, Vincente Garcia-Moreno, Harry Anthoney Patrinos, and Emilio Porta. 2011. Using the Oaxaca-Blinder Decomposition Technique to Analyze Learning Outcomes Changes over Time: An Application to Indonesia’s Results in PISA Mathematics. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5584.
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Abstract: The Oaxaca-Blinder technique was originally used
in labor economics to decompose earnings gaps
and to estimate the level of discrimination. It has
been applied since in other social issues, including
education, where it can be used to assess how much of
a gap is due to differences in characteristics (explained
variation) and how much is due to policy or system
changes (unexplained variation). The authors apply
the decomposition technique in an effort to analyze
the increase in Indonesia’s score in PISA mathematics.
Between 2003 and 2006, Indonesia’s score increased by
30 points, or 0.3 of a standard deviation. The test score
increase is assessed in relation to family, student, school
and institutional characteristics. The gap over time is
decomposed into its constituent components based on
the estimation of cognitive achievement production
functions. The decomposition results suggest that almost
the entire test score increase is explained by the returns to
characteristics, mostly related to student age. However,
the authors find that the adequate supply of teachers also
plays a role in test score changes.
Published Version: http://go.worldbank.org/SD6EK6KDX0
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:8140107
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