The Kerr/CFT Correspondence

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The Kerr/CFT Correspondence

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Title: The Kerr/CFT Correspondence
Author: Guica, Monica; Hartman, Thomas; Strominger, Andrew E.; Song, Wei

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Citation: Guica, Monica, Thomas Hartman, Wei Song, and Andrew E. Strominger. 2009. The Kerr/CFT correspondence. Physical Review D 80(12): 124008.
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Abstract: Quantum gravity in the region very near the horizon of an extreme Kerr black hole (whose angular momentum and mass are related by \(J = GM^2\)) is considered. It is shown that consistent boundary conditions exist, for which the asymptotic symmetry generators form one copy of the Virasoro algebra with central charge \(c_L = 12J/\hbar\). This implies that the near-horizon quantum states can be identified with those of (a chiral half of) a two-dimensional conformal field theory (CFT). Moreover, in the extreme limit, the Frolov-Thorne vacuum state reduces to a thermal density matrix with dimensionless temperature \(T_L = 1/2\pi\) and conjugate energy given by the zero mode generator, \(L_0\), of the Virasoro algebra. Assuming unitarity, the Cardy formula then gives a microscopic entropy \(S_{micro} = 2\pi J/\hbar\) for the CFT, which reproduces the macroscopic Bekenstein-Hawking entropy \(S_{macro} = Area/4\hbar G\). The results apply to any consistent unitary quantum theory of gravity with a Kerr solution. We accordingly conjecture that extreme Kerr black holes are holographically dual to a chiral two-dimensional conformal field theory with central charge \(c_L = 12J/\hbar\), and, in particular, that the near-extreme black hole GRS 1915+105 is approximately dual to a CFT with \(c_L\sim 2 \times 10^{79}\).
Published Version: doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.80.124008
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