RNA Folding and Hydrolysis Terms Explain ATP Independence of RNA Interference in Human Systems
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CitationAli, Nicole, and Vinothan N. Manoharan. 2009. RNA folding and hydrolysis terms explain ATP-independence of RNA interference in human systems. Oligonucleotides 19(4): 341-346.
AbstractAlthough RNA interference (RNAi) has emerged as an important tool for studying the effects of gene knockdown, it is still difficult to predict the success of RNAi effectors in human systems. By examining the basic thermodynamic equations for RNA interactions in RNAi, we demonstrate how the free energies of RNA folding and phosphoester bond hydrolysis can drive RNAi without ATP. Our calculations of RNAi efficiency are close to actual values obtained from in vitro experimental data from 2 previous studies, for both silencing complex formation (2.50 vs. 2.40 for relative efficiency of RISC formation) and mRNA cleavage (0.50 vs. 0.56 for proportion cleaved). Our calculations are also in agreement with previous observations that duplex unwinding and target site folding are major energy barriers to RNAi.
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