Solving Quantum Ground-State Problems with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

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Solving Quantum Ground-State Problems with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

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Title: Solving Quantum Ground-State Problems with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Author: Li, Zhaokai; Yung, Man-Hong; Chen, Hongwei; Lu, Dawei; Whitfield, James D.; Peng, Xinhua; Aspuru-Guzik, Alán; Du, Jiangfeng

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Citation: Li, Zhaokai, Man-Hong Yung, Hongwei Chen, Dawei Lu, James D. Whitfield, Xinhua Peng, Alán Aspuru-Guzik, and Jiangfeng Du. 2011. Solving quantum ground-state problems with nuclear magnetic resonance. Scientific Reports 1: 88.
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Abstract: Quantum ground-state problems are computationally hard problems for general many-body Hamiltonians; there is no classical or quantum algorithm known to be able to solve them efficiently. Nevertheless, if a trial wavefunction approximating the ground state is available, as often happens for many problems in physics and chemistry, a quantum computer could employ this trial wavefunction to project the ground state by means of the phase estimation algorithm (PEA). We performed an experimental realization of this idea by implementing a variational-wavefunction approach to solve the ground-state problem of the Heisenberg spin model with an NMR quantum simulator. Our iterative phase estimation procedure yields a high accuracy for the eigenenergies (to the \(10^{−5}\) decimal digit). The ground-state fidelity was distilled to be more than 80%, and the singlet-to-triplet switching near the critical field is reliably captured. This result shows that quantum simulators can better leverage classical trial wave functions than classical computers
Published Version: doi:10.1038/srep00088
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