Scavenger Receptors and \(\beta\)-Glucan Receptors Participate in the Recognition of Yeasts by Murine Macrophages
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CitationJózefowski, Szczepan, Zhiping Yang, Janusz Marcinkiewicz, and Lester Kobzik. 2012. Scavenger receptors and \(\beta\)-glucan receptors participate in the recognition of yeasts by murine macrophages. Inflammation Research 61(2): 113-126.
AbstractObjectives: Numerous receptors have been implicated in recognition of pathogenic fungi by macrophages, including the \(\beta\)-glucan receptor dectin-1. The role of scavenger receptors (SRs) in anti-fungal immunity is not well characterized. Methods: We studied uptake of unopsonized Saccharomycetes cerevisiae (zymosan) and live Candida albicans yeasts as well as zymosan-stimulated \(H_2O_2\) production in J774 macrophage-like cells and peritoneal exudate macrophages (PEMs). The role of different receptors was assessed with the use of competitive ligands, transfected cells and receptor-deficient macrophages. Results: The uptake of zymosan by untreated J774 cells was mediated approximately half by SRs and half by a \(\beta\)-glucan receptor which was distinct from dectin-1 and not linked to stimulation of \(H_2O_2\) production. Ligands of \(\beta\)-glucan receptors and of SRs also inhibited uptake of C. albicans by macrophages (J774 cells and PEMs). In macrophages pretreated with a CpG motif-containing oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN) the relative contribution of SRs to yeast uptake increased and that of \(\beta\)-glucan receptors decreased. Whereas the class A SR MARCO participated in the uptake of both zymosan and C. albicans by CpG-ODN-pretreated, but not untreated macrophages, the related receptor SR-A/CD204 was involved in the uptake of zymosan, but not of C. albicans. The reduction of zymosan-stimulated \(H_2O_2\) production observed in DS-pretreated J774 cells and in class A SRs-deficient PEMs suggest that class A SRs mediate part of this process. Conclusions: Our results revealed that SRs belong to a redundant system of receptors for yeasts. Binding of yeasts to different receptors in resting versus CpG-ODN-pre-exposed macrophages may differentially affect polarization of adaptive immune responses.
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