Ability-Based Design: Concept, Principles and Examples

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Ability-Based Design: Concept, Principles and Examples

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Title: Ability-Based Design: Concept, Principles and Examples
Author: Wobbrock, Jacob O.; Kane, Shuan K.; Gajos, Krzysztof Z.; Harada, Susumu; Froehlich, Jon

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Citation: Wobbrock, Jacob O., Shuan K. Kane, Krzysztof Z. Gajos, Susuma Harada, and Jon Froehlich. 2011. Ability-based design: Concept, principles and examples. ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing 3(3): 9.
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Abstract: Current approaches to accessible computing share a common goal of making technology accessible to users with disabilities. Perhaps because of this goal, they may also share a tendency to centralize disability rather than ability. We present a refinement to these approaches called ability-based design that consists of focusing on ability throughout the design process in an effort to create systems that leverage the full range of human potential. Just as user-centered design shifted the focus of interactive system design from systems to users, ability-based design attempts to shift the focus of accessible design from disability to ability. Although prior approaches to accessible computing may consider users’ abilities to some extent, ability-based design makes ability its central focus. We offer seven ability-based design principles and describe the projects that inspired their formulation. We also present a research agenda for ability-based design.
Published Version: doi:10.1145/1952383.1952384
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:8667394
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