Electron Emission in Superfluid and Low-temperature Vapor Phase Helium
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CitationSilvera, Isaac, and Jacques Tempere. 2008. Electron emission in superfluid and low-temperature vapor phase helium. Physical Review Letters 100(11): 117602.
AbstractTungsten filaments used as sources of electrons in a low temperature liquid or gaseous helium environment have remarkable properties of operating at thousands of degrees Kelvin in surroundings at temperatures of order 1 K. We provide an explanation of this performance in terms of important changes in the thermal transport mechanisms. The behavior can be cast as a first-order phase transition.
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