Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorGriffin, Randi Heesoo
dc.contributor.authorNunn, Charles Lindsay
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-10T19:01:03Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.citationGriffin, Randi H. and Charles L. Nunn. Forthcoming. Community structure and the spread of infectious disease in primate social networks. Evolutionary Ecology.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0269-7653en_US
dc.identifier.issn1573-8477en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:8715733
dc.description.abstractLiving in a large social group is thought to increase disease risk in wild animal populations, but comparative studies have provided mixed support for this prediction. Here, we take a social network perspective to investigate whether patterns of social contact within groups influence parasite risk. Specifically, increased modularity (i.e. sub-grouping) in larger groups could offset the increased disease risk associated with living in a large group. We simulated the spread of a contagious pathogen in random social networks to generate theoretically grounded predictions concerning the relationship between social network connectivity and the success of socially transmitted pathogens. Simulations yielded the prediction that community modularity (Q) negatively impacts parasite success. No clear predictions emerged for a second network metric we considered, the eigenvector centralization index (C), as the relationship between this measure and parasite success depended on the transmission probability of parasites. We then tested the prediction that Q reduces parasite success in a phylogenetic comparative analysis of social network modularity and parasite richness across 19 primate species. Using a Bayesian implementation of phylogenetic generalized least squares and controlling for sampling effort, we found that primates living in larger groups exhibited higher Q, and as predicted by our simulations, higher Q was associated with lower richness of socially transmitted parasites. This suggests that increased modularity mediates the elevated risk of parasitism associated with living in larger groups, which could contribute to the inconsistent findings of empirical studies on the association between group size and parasite risk. Our results indicate that social networks may play a role in mediating pressure from socially transmitted parasites, particularly in large groups where opportunities for transmitting communicable diseases are abundant. We propose that parasite pressure in gregarious primates may have favored the evolution of behaviors that increase social network modularity, especially in large social groups.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipHuman Evolutionary Biologyen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherSpringer Netherlandsen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1007/s10682-011-9526-2en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~nunn/PDFs/Griffin%20and%20Nunn%202011.pdfen_US
dash.licenseOAP
dc.subjectsocial networksen_US
dc.subjectprimatesen_US
dc.subjectinfectious diseaseen_US
dc.subjectparasite richnessen_US
dc.subjectsocialityen_US
dc.subjectcomparative studyen_US
dc.subjectagent-based modelen_US
dc.titleCommunity Structure and the Spread of Infectious Disease in Primate Social Networksen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
dc.relation.journalEvolutionary Ecologyen_US
dash.depositing.authorNunn, Charles Lindsay
dc.date.available2012-05-10T19:01:03Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10682-011-9526-2*
dash.contributor.affiliatedGriffin, Randi Heesoo
dash.contributor.affiliatedNunn, Charles


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record