Empirical Confirmation of Creative Destruction from World Trade Data

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Empirical Confirmation of Creative Destruction from World Trade Data

Citable link to this page


Title: Empirical Confirmation of Creative Destruction from World Trade Data
Author: Klimek, Peter; Thurner, Stefan; Hausmann, Ricardo

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Klimek, Peter, Ricardo Hausmann, and Stefan Thurner. 2012. Empirical Confirmation of Creative Destruction from World Trade Data. HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series and CID Working Papers (RWP12-022 and 238), John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
Full Text & Related Files:
Abstract: We show that world trade network datasets contain empirical evidence that the dynamics of innovation in the world economy follows indeed the concept of creative destruction, as proposed by J.A. Schumpeter more than half a century ago. National economies can be viewed as complex, evolving systems, driven by a stream of appearance and disappearance of goods and services. Products appear in bursts of creative cascades. We find that products systematically tend to co-appear, and that product appearances lead to massive disappearance events of existing products in the following years. The opposite – disappearances followed by periods of appearances – is not observed. This is an empirical validation of the dominance of cascading competitive replacement events on the scale of national economies, i.e. creative destruction. We find a tendency that more complex products drive out less complex ones, i.e. progress has a direction. Finally we show that the growth trajectory of a country’s product output diversity can be understood by a recently proposed evolutionary model of Schumpeterian economic dynamics.
Published Version: http://web.hks.harvard.edu/publications/workingpapers/citation.aspx?PubId=8404
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:8832941
Downloads of this work:

Show full Dublin Core record

This item appears in the following Collection(s)


Search DASH

Advanced Search