Criminal Liability Under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
Blume, Michael S.
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CitationCriminal Liability Under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (1995 Third Year Paper)
AbstractThe criminal provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA)' and the judicial interpretation thereof afford the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) great discretion, in determining both when and against whom criminal prosecution is warranted. Though it may employ a wide variety of enforcement mechanisms, the FDA has relied in recent years ever more heavily on criminal proceedings. Absent appropriate guidelines, however, extensive use of criminal sanctions to enforce the FDCA potentially leads to costly, inefficient, and unnecessary prosecutions. This paper attempts to define such guidelines in the context of criminal liability for corporate officers and employees. First, the paper will describe corporate liability under the FDCA. Next, it will utilize economic tools to propose guidelines to help determine when this liability is best imposed. Finally, it will examine the factual settings of two seminal cases in food and drug law using the proposed guidelines.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:8846743
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