# Intense Atomic and Molecular Beams Via Neon Buffer-gas Cooling

 Title: Intense Atomic and Molecular Beams Via Neon Buffer-gas Cooling Author: Patterson, David; Rasmussen, Julia Hege; Doyle, John M. Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors. Citation: Patterson, David, Julia Rasmussen, and John M. Doyle. 2009. Intense atomic and molecular beams via neon buffer-gas cooling. New Journal of Physics 11(5): 055018. Full Text & Related Files: New_journal_of_physics_11_2009.pdf (720.8Kb; PDF) Abstract: We realize a continuous, intense, cold molecular and atomic beam source based on buffer-gas cooling. Hot vapor (up to 600 K) from an oven is mixed with cold (15 K) neon buffer gas, and then emitted into a high-flux beam. The novel use of cold neon as a buffer gas produces a forward velocity distribution and low-energy tail that is comparable to much colder helium-based sources. We expect this source to be trivially generalizable to a very wide range of atomic and molecular species with significant vapor pressure below 1000 K. The source has properties that make it a good starting point for laser cooling of molecules or atoms, cold collision studies, trapping, or nonlinear optics in buffer-gas-cooled atomic or molecular gases. A continuous guided beam of cold deuterated ammonia with a flux of 3×10$$^{11}$$ ND$$_{3}$$ molecules s$$^{−1}$$ and a continuous free-space beam of cold potassium with a flux of 1×10$$^{16}$$ K atoms s$$^{−1}$$ are realized. Published Version: doi:10.1088/1367-2630/11/5/055018 Other Sources: http://iopscience.iop.org/1367-2630/11/5/055018/pdf/njp9_5_055018.pdf Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:8866869 Downloads of this work: