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dc.contributor.authorWrangham, Richard W.
dc.contributor.authorCarmody, Rachel Naomi
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-29T20:53:52Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationWrangham, Richard W., and Rachel Naomi Carmody. 2010. Human adaptation to the control of fire. Evolutionary Anthropology 19(5): 187–199.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1060-1538en_US
dc.identifier.issn1520-6505en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:8944723
dc.description.abstractCharles Darwin attributed human evolutionary success to three traits. Our social habits and anatomy were important, he said, but the critical feature was our intelligence, because it led to so much else, including such traits as language, weapons, tools, boats, and the control of fire. Among these, he opined, the control of fire was “probably the greatest ever [discovery] made by man, excepting language.” Despite this early suggestion that the control of fire was even more important than tool use for human success, recent anthropologists have made only sporadic efforts to assess its evolutionary significance. Here we use recent developments in understanding the role of cooked food in human diets to support the spirit of Darwin's offhand remark. We first consider the role of fire in increasing the net caloric value of cooked foods compared to raw foods, and hence in accounting for the unique pattern of human digestion. We then review the compelling evidence that humans are biologically adapted to diets that include cooked food, and that humans have a long evolutionary history of an obligate dependence on fire. Accordingly, we end by considering the influence of fire on various aspects of human biology. We pay particular attention to life history, and also briefly discuss effects on anatomy, behavior, and cognition.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipHuman Evolutionary Biologyen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwellen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1002/evan.20275en_US
dash.licenseOAP
dc.subjectcookingen_US
dc.subjectlife historyen_US
dc.subjectanatomyen_US
dc.subjectbehavioren_US
dc.subjectcognitionen_US
dc.titleHuman Adaptation to the Control of Fireen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionAuthor's Originalen_US
dc.relation.journalEvolutionary Anthropologyen_US
dash.depositing.authorWrangham, Richard W.
dc.date.available2012-06-29T20:53:52Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/evan.20275*
dash.contributor.affiliatedCarmody, Rachel
dash.contributor.affiliatedWrangham, Richard


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