# Studies on Synthesis, Structural and Electrical Properties of Complex Oxide Thin Films: Ba1-xSrxTiO3 and La2-xSrxNiO4

 Title: Studies on Synthesis, Structural and Electrical Properties of Complex Oxide Thin Films: Ba1-xSrxTiO3 and La2-xSrxNiO4 Author: Podpirka, Adrian Alexander Citation: Podpirka, Adrian Alexander. 2012. Studies on Synthesis, Structural and Electrical Properties of Complex Oxide Thin Films: Ba1-xSrxTiO3 and La2-xSrxNiO4. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University. Full Text & Related Files: Podpirka_gsas.harvard_0084L_10247.pdf (11.14Mb; PDF) Abstract: High performance miniaturized passives are of great importance for advanced nanoelectronic packages for several applications including efficient power delivery. Low cost thin film capacitors fabricated directly on package (and/or on-chip) are an attractive approach towards realizing such devices. This thesis aims to explore fundamental frequency dependent dielectric and insulating properties of thin film high-k dielectric constant in the perovskite and perovskite-related complex oxides. Throughout this thesis, we have successfully observed the role of structure, strain and oxygen stoichiometry on the dielectric properties of thin film complex oxides, allowing a greater understanding of processing conditions and polarization mechanisms. In the first section of the thesis, we explore novel processing methods in the conventional ferroelectric, barium strontium titanate, $$Ba_{1-x}Sr_xTiO_3 (BST)$$, using ultraviolet enhanced oxidation techniques in order to achieve improvements in the dielectric properties. Using this method, we also explore the growth of BST on inexpensive non-noble metals such as Ni which presents technical challenges due to the ability to oxidize at high temperatures. We observe a significant lowering of the dielectric loss while also lowering the process temperature which allows us to maintain an intimate interface between the dielectric layer and the metal electrode. The second section of this thesis explores the novel dielectric material, Lanthanum Strontium Nickelate, $$La_{2-x}Sr_xNiO_4 (LSNO)$$, which exhibits a colossal dielectric response. For the first time, we report on the colossal dielectric properties of polycrystalline and epitaxial thin film LSNO. We observe a significant polarization dependence on the microstructure due to the grain/grain boundary interaction with charged carriers. We next grew epitaxial films on various insulating oxide substrates in order to decouple the grain boundary interaction. Here we observed substrate dependent dielectric properties associated with induced strain. We also observe, due to the p-type carriers in LSNO, pn junction formation when grown epitaxially on the conducting oxide degenerate n-type Nb-doped $$SrTiO_3$$. Finally we explore the growth mechanism of epitaxial LSNO as a function of high oxygen content. Due to the ability for LSNO to take in interstitial oxygen, a reoriented growth is observed at a critical thickness, thereby allowing us to vary anisotropy as a function of deposition conditions. Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:9306425 Downloads of this work: