Overview of ALD Precursors and Reaction Mechanisms
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CitationGordon, Roy G. 2011. Introduction to ALD Precursors and Reaction Mechanisms. Paper presented at The 11th International Conference on Atomic Layer Deposition, Cambridge, MA, June 26-29, 2011.
AbstractSuccessful use of ALD requires suitable chemical precursors used under reaction conditions that are appropriate for them. There are many requirements for ALD precursors: sufficient volatility, thermal stability and reactivity with substrates and with the films being deposited. In addition, it is easier to produce the required vapors if the precursor is liquid at room temperature, or if it is a solid with melting point below the vaporization temperature, or if it is soluble in an inert solvent with vapor pressure similar to that of the precursor. The precursor vapor should not etch or corrode the substrate or deposited film. Ideally, the precursors should be non-flammable, non-corrosive, non-toxic, simple and non-hazardous to make and inexpensive.
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