Improving Seventh Grade Students' Learning of Ratio and Proportion: The Role of Schema-Based Instruction

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Improving Seventh Grade Students' Learning of Ratio and Proportion: The Role of Schema-Based Instruction

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Title: Improving Seventh Grade Students' Learning of Ratio and Proportion: The Role of Schema-Based Instruction
Author: Jitendra, Asha K.; Star, Jon R; Starosta, Kristin; Leh, Jayne M.; Sood, Sheetal; Caskie, Grace; Hughes, Cheyenne L.; Mack, Toshi R.

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Citation: Jitendra, Asha K., Jon R. Star, Kristin Starosta, Jayne M.Leh, Sheetal Sood, Grace Caskie, Cheyenne L. Hughes, Toshi R. Mack. 2009. Improving Seventh Grade Students' Learning of Ratio and Proportion: The Role of Schema-Based Instruction. Contemporary Educational Psychology 34, no. 3: 250-264.
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Abstract: The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an instructional intervention (schema-based instruction, SBI) that was designed to meet the diverse needs of middle school students by addressing the research literatures from both special education and mathematics education. Specifically, SBI emphasizes the role of the mathematical structure of problems and also provides students with a heuristic to aid and self-monitor problem solving. Further, SBI addresses well-articulated problem solving strategies and supports flexible use of the strategies based on the problem situation. One hundred forty eight seventh-grade students and their teachers participated in a 10-day intervention on learning to solve ratio and proportion word problems, with classrooms randomly assigned to SBI or a control condition. Results suggested that students in SBI treatment classes outperformed students in control classes on a problem solving measure, both at posttest and on a delayed posttest administered 4 months later. However, the two groups' performance was comparable on a state standardized mathematics achievement test.
Published Version: doi:10.1016/j.cedpsych.2009.06.001
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:9767982
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