Early and Middle Pleistocene Faunal and Hominins Dispersals through Southwestern Asia

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Early and Middle Pleistocene Faunal and Hominins Dispersals through Southwestern Asia

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dc.contributor.author Bar-Yosef, Ofer
dc.contributor.author Belmaker, Miriam
dc.date.accessioned 2010-07-07T19:12:35Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.citation Bar-Yosef, Ofer and Miriam Belmaker. Forthcoming. Early and Middle Pleistocene faunal and hominins dispersals through Southwestern Asia. Quaternary Science Reviews 29. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0277-3791 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:4270472
dc.description.abstract This review summarizes the paleoecology of the Early and Middle Pleistocene of southwestern Asia, based on both flora and fauna, retrieved from a series of ‘windows’ provided by the excavated sites. The incomplete chrono-stratigraphy of this vast region does not allow to accept the direct chronological correlation between the available sites and events of faunal and hominin dispersals from Africa. It also demonstrates that hominins survived in a mixed landscape of open parkland with forested surrounding hills. In addition, the prevailing environmental conditions are not sufficient to explain successful adaptations to new ecological niches away from the African savanna of the bearers of ‘core and flake’ and the Acheulian industries, The differences in knapping and secondary shaping of stone artifacts probably reflect the learned traditions of different groups of hominins. The current distribution of lithic industries across Eurasia is undoubtedly incomplete due to lack of cultural continuities as well as paucity of field research in several sub-regions. This observation supports the contention that what we view as a constant stream of migrants was actually interrupted many times. The continuous occupation of southwestern Asia by the makers of the Acheulian is in contrast with neighboring regions such as the Iranian plateau and Eastern Europe. A more complex model is required to explain the recorded Eurasian archaeological–cultural mosaic. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Anthropology en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.isversionof doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.016 en_US
dash.license OAP
dc.title Early and Middle Pleistocene Faunal and Hominins Dispersals through Southwestern Asia en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.description.version Accepted Manuscript en_US
dc.relation.journal Quaternary Science Reviews en_US
dash.depositing.author Bar-Yosef, Ofer
dc.date.available 2010-07-07T19:12:35Z

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  • FAS Scholarly Articles [7594]
    Peer reviewed scholarly articles from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Harvard University

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