Stem Cell-Based Strategies to Enhance Muscle Regeneration through Extrinsic and Intrinsic Regulators

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Stem Cell-Based Strategies to Enhance Muscle Regeneration through Extrinsic and Intrinsic Regulators

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Title: Stem Cell-Based Strategies to Enhance Muscle Regeneration through Extrinsic and Intrinsic Regulators
Author: Tan, Kah Yong
Citation: Tan, Kah Yong. 2011. Stem Cell-Based Strategies to Enhance Muscle Regeneration through Extrinsic and Intrinsic Regulators. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.
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Abstract: Skeletal muscle has a remarkable capacity for regeneration, mediated by muscle stem cells that can self-renew or differentiate to form the mature myofibers of the tissue. Several human diseases are characterized by a loss of function and strength in skeletal muscle, with impairments in the ability to regenerate and consequent decreases in quality of life and increases in mortality. The work in this dissertation has focused on developing methods for combating muscle disease. This goal has been approached through attempts at cell replacement therapy - by generating muscle cells that can be engrafted in vivo. I also investigated the influence on regeneration of the skeletal muscle microenvironment (skeletal muscle-resident fibroblasts), and systemic environment (inflammation in myogenic and non-myogenic tissues), both of which were found to affect skeletal muscle stem cell behavior and the efficiency of myogenic regeneration. Ultimately, these studies identified novel factors that impair or improve skeletal muscle differentiation, and that offer the potential to modulate the process of muscle regeneration. In the process of investigating if induced pluripotent stem cells from skeletal muscle retain an epigenetic memory conducive to myogenic differentiation, I discovered that precursor cells in skeletal muscle reprogram to a pluripotent state more efficiently. However, these induced pluripotent stem cells, like embryonic stem cells, retain strong barriers to skeletal muscle differentiation. Together, these findings offer insights into the process of muscle regeneration, and suggest new potential pathways towards treatment of muscle disease.
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10336913
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