Different MMSE Score Is Associated with Postoperative Delirium in Young-Old and Old-Old Adults
Shen, YuanNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationWu, Yujie, Zhongyong Shi, Meijuan Wang, Yingbo Zhu, Cheng Li, Guodong Li, Edward R. Marcantonio, Zhongcong Xie, and Yuan Shen. 2015. “Different MMSE Score Is Associated with Postoperative Delirium in Young-Old and Old-Old Adults.” PLoS ONE 10 (10): e0139879. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139879. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139879.
AbstractBackground: Postoperative delirium is one of the most common postoperative complications in geriatric patients. Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) assesses cognitive function in patients and is associated with postoperative delirium. However, whether there is an age-dependent relationship between preoperative MMSE score and postoperative delirium remains unknown. Methods: We therefore set out to investigate the association between preoperative MMSE score and postoperative delirium in young-old (≤80 year-old, 75.46±4.69 years, 27.0% male, n = 63) and old-old (>80 year-old, 84.51±3.46 years, 20.9% male, n = 67) participants, who had repairs of hip fractures under general anesthesia. The Confusion Assessment Method and Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale were administrated before surgery, and on the first, second and fourth days after surgery, to assess the incidence and severity of the delirium, respectively. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to calculate the optimal cutoff score of MMSE in predicting postoperative delirium. Results: Thirty-four (26.2%) of 130 patients (80.12±6.12 years, 23.8% male) developed postoperative delirium. Preoperative MMSE scores were negatively associated with higher incidences and greater severity of postoperative delirium. The optimal cutoff scores of MMSE associated with postoperative delirium for young-old and old-old participants were 18.4 and 21.4, with a sensitivity of 60% and 83.8%, and a specificity of 92.5% and 62.8%, respectively. Conclusion: The data demonstrated the optimal cutoff score of MMSE associated with postoperative delirium in young-old adults might be lower than that in old-old adults. Pending further investigation, these findings suggest that the association between preoperative MMSE score and postoperative delirium is age-dependent.
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