A Demographic estimate of the population of the Qing eight banners
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CitationElliott, Mark C., Cameron Campbell, and James Lee. 2016. "A Demographic estimate of the population of the Qing eight banners." Études Chinoises: Bulletin de l'Association Française D'études Chinoises 35, no. 1: 9-39.
AbstractThe Eight Banners (Chinese baqi 八旗/Manchu jakūn gūsa) is well known as the omnibus military, social, political, and economic institution that played a crucial role in enabling the Manchu conquest of China in the middle seventeenth century and the establishment of the Qing state (1644-1912), the last of China’s dynastic regimes. Along with their Mongol and Han allies in the banners, the Manchus were vastly outnumbered by Han Chinese supporters of the Ming state (1368-1644), not to mention various rebel armies, and formed a tiny group next to the general Chinese population. Yet, despite being so greatly outnumbered, they nonetheless seized and retained power for 267 years.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34391735
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