Frequency of consuming foods predicts changes in cravings for those foods during weight loss: The POUNDS Lost Study

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Frequency of consuming foods predicts changes in cravings for those foods during weight loss: The POUNDS Lost Study

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Title: Frequency of consuming foods predicts changes in cravings for those foods during weight loss: The POUNDS Lost Study
Author: Apolzan, John W.; Myers, Candice A.; Champagne, Catherine M.; Beyl, Robbie A.; Raynor, Hollie A.; Anton, Stephen A.; Williamson, Donald A.; Sacks, Frank M.; Bray, George A.; Martin, Corby K.

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Citation: Apolzan, John W., Candice A. Myers, Catherine M. Champagne, Robbie A. Beyl, Hollie A. Raynor, Stephen A. Anton, Donald A. Williamson, Frank M. Sacks, George A. Bray, and Corby K. Martin. 2017. “Frequency of consuming foods predicts changes in cravings for those foods during weight loss: The POUNDS Lost Study.” Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) 25 (8): 1343-1348. doi:10.1002/oby.21895. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.21895.
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Abstract: Objective: Food cravings are thought to be the result of conditioning or pairing hunger with consumption of certain foods. Methods: In a two-year weight loss trial, subjects were randomized to one of four diets that varied in macronutrient content. The Food Craving Inventory (FCI) was used to measure cravings at baseline, 6, and 24 months. Also, food intake was measured at those time points. To measure free-living consumption of food items measured in the FCI, items on the FCI were matched to the foods consumed from the food intake assessments. Secondarily, we analyzed the amount of food consumed on food intake assessments from foods on the FCI. Results: 367 subjects who were overweight and obese were included. There was an association between change from baseline FCI item consumption and change in cravings at months 6 (p<0.001) and 24 (p<0.05). There was no association between change from baseline amount of energy consumed per FCI item and change in cravings. Conclusions: Altering frequency of consuming craved foods is positively associated with cravings; however, changing the amount of foods consumed does not appear to alter cravings. These results support the conditioning model of food cravings and provide guidance on how to reduce food cravings.
Published Version: doi:10.1002/oby.21895
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5529244/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34651989
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