Laser Cooling and 1D Magneto-Optical Trapping of Calcium Monohydroxide
Baum, Louis William
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CitationBaum, Louis William. 2020. Laser Cooling and 1D Magneto-Optical Trapping of Calcium Monohydroxide. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
AbstractThe rich internal structure of polyatomic molecules has inspired a number of theoretical proposals exploring a myriad of unique scientific and engineering frontiers, including quantum simulation and next-generation searches for physics beyond the standard model. Establishing full control over these complex quantum objects is likely necessary to harness their full potential; however, the same rich internal structure that gives rise to the immense scientific potential of polyatomic molecules also makes manipulating them a daunting task. In the past decade there has been considerable progress in the production, cooling, and control of diatomic species using direct laser cooling and magneto-optical trapping. This dissertation focuses on extending direct laser cooling and trapping to polyatomic molecules.
Direct laser cooling of triatomic radical calcium monohydroxide (CaOH) is demonstrated. This molecules is a prototypical example of a broad class of polyatomic molecules that includes symmetric and asymmetric tops. Transverse magneto-optical trapping is demonstrated, establishing the ability to scatter an unprecedented number of photons in a polyatomic species. An understanding of previously unappreciated intricacies of molecular structure is developed, that explains observations of novel vibrational decay pathways. High resolution spectroscopy of hybrid vibrational modes is performed. A laser cooling scheme is constructed that will support future efforts to use the full range of laser cooling and high-fidelity detection techniques required to implement an optical tweezer array of polyatomic molecules. Our experimental efforts demonstrate the feasibility of direct laser cooling applied to CaOH, up ending long-standing assumptions of the inextricable complexity of polyatomic molecules.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37365998
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