Optimal policy for attention-modulated decisions explains human fixation behavior
CitationJang, Anthony. 2021. Optimal policy for attention-modulated decisions explains human fixation behavior. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard Medical School.
AbstractTraditional accumulation-to-bound decision-making models assume that all choice options are processed with equal attention. In real-life decisions, however, humans alternate their visual fixation between individual items to efficiently gather relevant information . These fixations also causally affect one’s choices, biasing them toward the longer fixated item . We derive a normative decision-making model in which attention enhances the reliability of information, consistent with neurophysiological findings . Furthermore, our model actively controls fixation changes to optimize information gathering. We show that the optimal model reproduces fixation-related choice biases seen in humans and provides a Bayesian computational rationale for this phenomenon. This insight led to additional predictions that we could confirm in human data. Finally, by varying the relative cognitive advantage conferred by attention, we show that decision performance is benefited by a balanced spread of resources between the attended and unattended items.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37367726