Electronic and Nanophotonic Integration of a Quantum Network Node in Diamond
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Machielse, Bartholomeus Johannes
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CitationMachielse, Bartholomeus Johannes. 2021. Electronic and Nanophotonic Integration of a Quantum Network Node in Diamond. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
AbstractDeveloping technologies for distributing entanglement over long distances, and employing this technology to create quantum communication networks, has been a standing goal of the quantum optics community for almost two decades. Such networks could be used for secure communication enabled by quantum key distribution (QKD), enhancement of quantum sensors, and even the creation of networked quantum computers. We present a platform, based on the negatively charged Silicon Vacancy (SiV) in diamond, capable of correcting for the photon loss that currently limits the size of such networks. Furthermore, we lay the groundwork for its use for scalable implementation of the full quantum repeater protocol, the missing ingredient for the deployment of large quantum networks. First, we demonstrate improved diamond nanofabrication techniques that enable the creation of an integrated, cooperativity 100 spin-photon interface. We further discuss the techniques used to integrate this platform with microwave coplanar waveguides (CPWs) that enable coherent control of the SiV spin state. Next, we demonstrate the integration of diamond nanophotonic technology with nanomechanical strain control, enabling the reduction of variations between, and fluctuations of, diamond color center optical and spin properties. These techniques are used to enable quantum interference between two initially distinguishable quantum emitters. To further demonstrate the utility of this platform, we employ coherent spin control and our platform's high cooperativity spin-photon interface to create an integrated quantum network node capable of high fidelity, coherent photon storage and the formation of multiqubit quantum registers. We discuss the engineering and physics principles relevant to the implementation of such a system, and provide a framework for future improvements to the underlying technology. Finally, we employ the developed techniques to perform Bell state measurements between asynchronously arriving photons. By utilizing this technique we demonstrate enhancement of the quantum communication rate between two parties, thus implementing the key functionality of a single quantum repeater node. This demonstration, combined with the other technical advances presented here, positions the diamond photonics-SiV platform as a leading candidate for the implementation quantum networking technology and provides a path towards large scale deployment of such systems.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37368318
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