Quantum Information Processing and Quantum Simulation with Programmable Rydberg Atom Arrays
CitationLevine, Harry Jay. 2021. Quantum Information Processing and Quantum Simulation with Programmable Rydberg Atom Arrays. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
AbstractA frontier challenge in quantum science and technology is the construction of scalable quantum systems which can operate in regimes beyond classical simulatability. Such systems can be used as tools for simulating and exploring complex phenomena in quantum physics; they can also be used to benchmark and test quantum algorithms. Several experimental platforms, based on a variety of quantum mechanical building blocks, are currently being pursued with these goals in mind, with state-of-the-art systems capable of controlling up to around fifty particles.
In this thesis, we present the development of a new platform based on individually controlled neutral atoms. In this approach, hundreds of individual atoms are trapped in an array of optical tweezers, and they are sorted in real-time into programmable geometries in one and two dimensions. After initialization of an array, atom interactions are switched on by coherent excitation to highly excited Rydberg states, resulting in a rich spin Hamiltonian. We experimentally advance several key aspects of this platform, developing new tools for controlling strongly interacting atom arrays and probing novel quantum phases and non-equilibrium dynamics. We additionally utilize Rydberg interactions to entangle atoms, demonstrating high fidelity universal quantum logic gates as well as the preparation of fully entangled Schrödinger cat states. This work highlights the prospects for scalable quantum simulation and quantum information processing beyond the limit of classical computation using neutral atom arrays.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37368420
- FAS Theses and Dissertations