The UKUSA Agreement: The History of an Enduring Relationship
von Stein zu Nord- und Ostheim, Heidi Freifrau
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Citationvon Stein zu Nord- und Ostheim, Heidi Freifrau. 2022. The UKUSA Agreement: The History of an Enduring Relationship. Master's thesis, Harvard University Division of Continuing Education.
AbstractThis thesis seeks to broaden the historical narrative of western intelligence alliances. Specifically, the 1946 UKUSA Agreement’s evolution into the ‘Five Eyes’ intelligence-sharing network. The 1946 Agreement served as a foundational link between the intelligence agencies of the United Kingdom and the United States to share intercepted communications. Within a decade, the arrangement integrated Australia, Canada, and New Zealand creating ‘Five Eyes.’ This alliance played a decisive role in supporting allied missions during World War II, monitoring nuclear arsenals during the Cold War, and tracking terrorist groups following September 11, 2001.
Through a chronological review of internal and external events impacting these transnational partnerships, this thesis offers an analytical timeline of Five Eyes to understand this enduring alliance better. Sustainability is attributed to interdependence, grounded in synergetic operations and trust. Shared democratic values drove common geopolitical interests. Even in times of political strains, governments not only cooperated on intelligence matters but surrendered unprecedented levels of operational control, subordinating national interests to support a constellation of intelligence excellence. Such commitment to uncommon unity has hardened Five Eyes’ durability to weather the tests of time from past to present. Despite member states’ changing domestic or foreign policies and shifts in the international threat landscape, the Five Eyes alliance has kept citizens safe and remains a valuable tool of statecraft today and tomorrow.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37373308
- DCE Theses and Dissertations