Probing Long Range Antiferromagnetism and Dynamics in the Fermi-Hubbard Model
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CitationMazurenko, Anton. 2017. Probing Long Range Antiferromagnetism and Dynamics in the Fermi-Hubbard Model. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
AbstractExotic phenomena in strongly correlated electron systems emerge from the interplay between spin and motional degrees of freedom. For example, doping an antiferromagnet is expected to give rise to pseudogap states and high-temperature superconductors. Quantum simulation with ultracold fermions in optical lattices offers the potential to answer open questions about the doped Hubbard Hamiltonian, and has recently been advanced by quantum gas microscopy. In order to take advantage of these possibilities, a stable, high-power, 2D square lattice system was developed and coupled with an image plane based spatial light modulator. The ability to finely tune the atomic potential has made it possible to realize an antiferromagnet in a repulsively interacting Fermi gas on a 2D square lattice. At our lowest temperatures of $T/t=0.25(2)$, antiferromagnetic long-range order (LRO) manifests through the divergence of the correlation length that reaches the size of the system, the development of a peak in the spin structure factor and a value of the staggered magnetization approaching the ground state value. Similarly, by carefully shaping the confinement, we have produced ultra-low entropy band insulators, which promise to be a perfect starting point for more advanced cooling schemes. In addition to the production of new states, Fermi gas microscopy is superbly well suited to studies of many-body dynamics. To this end I report on preliminary measurements of the propagation of holes in a Mott insualtor. These results demonstrate that Fermi gas microscopy can address open questions on the low-temperature Hubbard model.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41140195
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