A dipolar quantum gas microscope
Phelps, Gregory Alan
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CitationPhelps, Gregory Alan. 2019. A dipolar quantum gas microscope. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
AbstractQuantum gas microscopy provides an exciting platform for the study of in situ atom-atom interactions. Recent advances in quantum gas microscopy have allowed the probing of the Bose-Hubbard and Fermi-Hubbard Hamiltonian with a variety of atomic species. In this thesis, we are currently extending these platforms with the introduction of an Erbium Dipolar Quantum Gas Microscope which will allow us to study dipole-dipole interactions in a lattice. Erbium has several exciting properties, which increase the control and flexibility of these systems. These include stable bosonic and fermionic isotopes, a large magnetic dipole moment (7uB), a large spin value (J=6 and F=19/2 for bosonic and fermionic isotopes), a rich Feshbach spectrum, and several useful broad and narrow atomic transitions. A broad 401 nm transition can be used for imaging, which in combination with a 266 nm lattice spacing will provide fast time scales and access to a dipole-dipole interaction of approximately 30 Hz. This thesis will document the progress toward an Erbium Quantum Gas Microscope and include a variety of systems which have been developed. It will also show the first ever 841nm, red-detuned Magneto-Optical Trap with temperatures as low as 400 nK and a phase space density up to 0.05. This, in combination with other improvements, will allow for faster cycle times and more control over the system. These developments will allow us to benefit from the long-range interaction of Erbium and probe the Extended Bose-Hubbard and Extended Fermi-Hubbard Hamiltonian to an unprecedented degree.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:42029576
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