Workplace Neighborhoods, Walking, Physical Activity, Weight Status, and Perceived Health
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CitationForsyth, Ann, and J. Oakes. 2014. “Workplace Neighborhoods, Walking, Physical Activity, Weight Status, and Perceived Health.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2452 (December): 98–104. doi:10.3141/2452-12.
AbstractRecent interest has focused on how the built environment in residential neighborhoods affects walking and other physical activity. The neighborhood around the workplace has been examined far less. This study explored the neighborhood around the workplace and its correlation with the amount of walking, level of physical activity, body mass index, and perceived health of those who (a) worked away from home (N = 446) and (b) were retired or unemployed (N = 207). Study participants were recruited from environmentally diverse residential neighborhoods in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota, metropolitan area in 2004. Participants wore an accelerometer, kept a travel diary, and answered a survey. The workplace neighborhood environments were measured with a geographic information system. In bivariate assessments, many features of the workplace neighborhood environment were significantly, but modestly, correlated with walking for travel, including density, street pattern, and land use (commercial, office, and residential). Fewer environmental features were correlated with total physical activity, a result confirmed in multivariate analyses. Although several workplace neighborhood environmental variables were correlated with total walking, relevant to the field of transportation, the pattern of association with total physical activity was not as consistent or strong. Because many people spend a considerable amount of time at work, more research is needed on this topic.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:23680445