Genetic origins of the Minoans and Mycenaeans
Roodenberg, Songül Alpaslan
Fernandes, Daniel M.
Hughey, Jeffery R.
Lotakis, Dimitra M.
Navas, Patrick A.
Stamatoyannopoulos, John A.
Stamatoyannopoulos, GeorgeNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationLazaridis, I., A. Mittnik, N. Patterson, S. Mallick, N. Rohland, S. Pfrengle, A. Furtwängler, et al. 2017. “Genetic origins of the Minoans and Mycenaeans.” Nature 548 (7666): 214-218. doi:10.1038/nature23310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature23310.
AbstractThe origins of the Bronze Age Minoan and Mycenaean cultures have puzzled archaeologists for more than a century. We assembled genome-wide data from nineteen ancient individuals, including Minoans from Crete, Mycenaeans from mainland Greece, and their eastern neighbours from southwestern Anatolia. We show that Minoans and Mycenaeans were genetically similar, having at least three quarters of their ancestry from the first Neolithic farmers of western Anatolia and the Aegean1,2, and most of the remainder from ancient populations like those of the Caucasus3 and Iran4,5. However, the Mycenaeans differed from Minoans in deriving additional ancestry from an ultimate source related to the hunter-gatherers of eastern Europe and Siberia6–8, introduced via a proximal source related to either the inhabitants of either the Eurasian steppe1,6,9 or Armenia4,9. Modern Greeks resemble the Mycenaeans, but with some additional dilution of the early Neolithic ancestry. Our results support the idea of continuity but not isolation in the history of populations of the Aegean, before and after the time of its earliest civilizations.
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