Network analysis of persistent complex bereavement disorder in conjugally bereaved adults.

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Network analysis of persistent complex bereavement disorder in conjugally bereaved adults.

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Title: Network analysis of persistent complex bereavement disorder in conjugally bereaved adults.
Author: Robinaugh, Donald John ORCID  0000-0002-5579-7518 ; Leblanc, Nicole Jennifer; Vuletich, Heidi A.; McNally, Richard J.

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Citation: Robinaugh, Donald J., Nicole J. LeBlanc, Heidi A. Vuletich, and Richard J. McNally. 2014. “Network Analysis of Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder in Conjugally Bereaved Adults.” Journal of Abnormal Psychology 123 (3): 510–522. doi:10.1037/abn0000002.
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Abstract: Persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) is a bereavement-specific syndrome characterized by prolonged and impairing grief. Most research on this syndrome rests on the traditional latent variable model, whereby symptoms reflect an underlying entity. The network (or causal system) approach offers an alternative framework for understanding PCBD that does not suffer from limitations inherent in the latent entity approach. The network approach to psychopathology conceptualizes the relation between symptoms and disorder as mereological, not reflective. That is, symptoms do not reflect an inferred, unobservable category or dimension, but rather are themselves constitutive of the disorder. Accordingly, we propose that PCBD constitutes a causal system of mutually reinforcing symptoms that arise following the death of a loved one and settle into a pathological equilibrium. In this study, we used data from the Changing Lives of Older Couples database to identify symptoms central to PCBD, to distinguish the PCBD network from an overlapping but distinct network of depression symptoms, and to examine how previously identified risk factors may contribute to the maintenance or development of PCBD. Together, these findings provide an important first step toward understanding the nature and etiology of the PCBD network.
Published Version: doi:10.1037/abn0000002
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34310814
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