Tangles, generalized Reidemeister moves, and three-dimensional mirror symmetry
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CitationCórdova, Clay, Sam Espahbodi, Babak Haghighat, Ashwin Rastogi, and Cumrun Vafa. 2014. “Tangles, Generalized Reidemeister Moves, and Three-Dimensional Mirror Symmetry.” Journal of High Energy Physics 2014 (5). https://doi.org/10.1007/jhep05(2014)014.
AbstractThree-dimensional N = 2 superconformal field theories are constructed by compactifying M5-branes on three-manifolds. In the infrared the branes recombine, and the physics is captured by a single M5-brane on a branched cover of the original ultraviolet geometry. The branch locus is a tangle, a one-dimensional knotted submanifold of the ultraviolet geometry. A choice of branch sheet for this cover yields a Lagrangian for the theory, and varying the branch sheet provides dual descriptions. Massless matter arises from vanishing size M2-branes and appears as singularities of the tangle where branch lines collide. Massive deformations of the field theory correspond to resolutions of singularities resulting in distinct smooth manifolds connected by geometric transitions. A generalization of Reidemeister moves for singular tangles captures mirror symmetries of the underlying theory yielding a geometric framework where dualities are manifest.
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