Effects of Intermediate Mass Black Holes on Nuclear Star Clusters
Perets, Hagai B.
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CitationMastrobuono-Battisti, Alessandra, Hagai B. Perets, and Abraham Loeb. 2014. “EFFECTS OF INTERMEDIATE MASS BLACK HOLES ON NUCLEAR STAR CLUSTERS.” The Astrophysical Journal 796 (1): 40. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637x/796/1/40.
AbstractNuclear star clusters (NSCs) are dense stellar clusters observed in galactic nuclei, typically hosting a centralmassive black hole. Here we study the possible formation and evolution of NSCs through the inspiral of multiple star clusters hosting intermediate mass black holes (IMBHs). Using an N-body code, we examine the dynamics of the IMBHs and their effects on the NSC. We find that IMBHs inspiral to the core of the newly formed NSC and segregate there. Although the IMBHs scatter each other and the stars, none of them is ejected from the NSC. The IMBHs are excited to high eccentricities and their radial density profile develops a steep power-law cusp. The stars also develop a power-law cusp (instead of the central core that forms in their absence), but with a shallower slope. The relaxation rate of the NSC is accelerated due to the presence of IMBHs, which act as massive perturbers. This in turn fills the loss cone and boosts the tidal disruption rate of stars both by the MBH and the IMBHs to a value excluded by rate estimates based on current observations. Rate estimates of tidal disruptions can therefore provide a cumulative constraint on the existence of IMBHs in NSCs.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41393189
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