Quantum Dots in Gated Nanowires and Nanotubes

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Quantum Dots in Gated Nanowires and Nanotubes

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Title: Quantum Dots in Gated Nanowires and Nanotubes
Author: Churchill, Hugh Olen Hill
Citation: Churchill, Hugh Olen Hill. 2012. Quantum Dots in Gated Nanowires and Nanotubes. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.
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Abstract: This thesis describes experiments on quantum dots made by locally gating one-dimensional quantum wires. The first experiment studies a double quantum dot device formed in a Ge/Si core/shell nanowire. In addition to measuring transport through the double dot, we detect changes in the charge occupancy of the double dot by capacitively coupling it to a third quantum dot on a separate nanowire using a floating gate. We demonstrate tunable tunnel coupling of the double dot and quantify the strength of the tunneling using the charge sensor. The second set of experiments concerns carbon nanotube double quantum dots. In the first nanotube experiment, spin-dependent transport through the double dot is compared in two sets of devices. The first set is made with carbon containing the natural abundance of \(^{12}C\) (99%) and \(^{13}C\) (1%), the second set with the 99% \(^{13}C\) and 1% \(^{12}C\). In the devices with predominantly \(^{13}C\), we find evidence in spin-dependent transport of the interaction between the electron spins and the \(^{13}C\) nuclear spins that was much stronger than expected and not present in the \(^{12}C\) devices. In the second nanotube experiment, pulsed gate experiments are used to measure the timescales of spin relaxation and dephasing in a two-electron double quantum dot. The relaxation time is longest at zero magnetic field and goes through a minimum at higher field, consistent with the spin-orbit-modified electronic spectrum of carbon nanotubes. We measure a short dephasing time consistent with the anomalously strong electron-nuclear interaction inferred from the first nanotube experiment.
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:9414563
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